Depression is a mental disorder, the manifestations of which are low mood, apathy (unwillingness to do anything) and a decline in motor activity. A person loses motivation for achievements and interest in life, devalues his merits, life goals. The duration of depression and its severity is determined, as a rule, by the circumstances of a person's life and his personal qualities.
And although this disorder is quite common, there are still many myths around it. In particular, depression is often confused with laziness and tearfulness, not taking seriously the severity of a person's condition and trying to "stir up" him artificially. The reasons for this perception may be the nature of the condition itself and the lack of specific data on its causes. Psychotherapist JSC "Medicine" (clinic of Academician Roitberg) Mikhail Sergeevich Kumov dispelled common myths about depression.
There are no different types of depression
Depression is a symptom of many affective disorders, the most common of which is major depressive disorder. However, there are so many variations of this condition that most of them are not even classified. Other most common disorders include dysthymia, which is characterized by a prolonged course, and catatonic depression, in which dysmotility occurs.
Depression is not a disease
Many people either deny the existence of depression or are convinced that it cannot be considered a disease. It's a delusion. The existence of this disorder has been biologically proven. During depression, neuronal circuits in brain regions that are responsible for mood function with disturbances.
Depression comes from idleness and idleness
There is an opinion that if you load a person with work, especially heavy physical work, depression will pass. These methods are good in moderation for the prevention of the disorder, as well as proper nutrition, healthy sleep. Treat depression with a psychotherapist.
Medicines for depression should be taken for life
Medicines are just one of the tools to fight depression. Seeing a specialist does not necessarily mean that the doctor will prescribe drugs, although they can be very effective for severe forms of the disorder. Even if a person takes antidepressants, their use will not drag on for life. Your doctor can help determine the right time to stop taking your medication.
People with depression often cry
When depression appears, some people do not cry and do not show their psychological state. Instead, they may appear emotionally "empty" and feel worthless or useless. Even without pronounced symptoms, depression prevents people from enjoying life and affects relationships with others.
You can get rid of depression with the help of drug therapy and psychotherapy. It is necessary to consult a doctor who will prescribe the correct treatment based on the patient's condition.